Abstract: The notion of Ubiquitous (or Pervasive) Computing was first eloquently described by Mark Weiser at Xerox PARC in the early 1990's. He proposed a vision in which the personal computing model would evolve from one person using one computer, to many (perhaps hundreds) of computers per person; and that computing would become wirelessly embedded in the world around us, tacitly supporting our work practice. Today, twenty years later, we find ourselves surrounded by smartphones, tablets, and digital televisions much like the components of his vision: Tabs, Pads and LiveBoards. This talk will look back on what was envisioned, compare it with the reality of today’s mobile market, examining what was correctly predicted, what worked and what did not. And then, reviewing key market trends, we will look forward to consider the future opportunities for pervasive computing, and some of the challenges and important use cases that we now need to consider.
Bio: Dr. Roy Want graduated from Cambridge University, England in 1988. He is currently a Research Scientist at Google. Previous positions include Sr. Principal Engineer at Intel Corporation, and a Principal Scientist at Xerox PARC. He holds the grade of ACM and IEEE Fellow. His research interests include mobile and ubiquitous computing, distributed systems, context-aware operation, and electronic identification. He has more than 20 years’ experience working in the field of mobile computing. He served as the Editor-in-chief for IEEE Pervasive Computing from 2006-2009, and he is currently the elected Chair for ACM SIGMOBILE. To date, he has authored or co-authored more than 75 publications, with 70 issued patents in this area. For more information about Dr. Want's academic and industrial achievements see http://www.roywant.com/cs/.
Abstract: Over the past 15 years we have created a robust base of embedded networking technology to enable the 'macroscope' - the ability to observe complex interactions of physical systems over a substantial extent of space and time. Created to understand the ecophysiology of natural systems, this technology is finding many natural applications in the quest to improve the sustainability of the built environment. In this talk we explore the role of pervasive computing and communications in buildings - where, in the US, we spend 90% of our time, over 70% of our electrical energy, and nearly 50% of our GHG emissions. We examine how pervasive monitoring serves to identify waste and opportunities for energy efficiency; how diverse sources of physical information can be homogenized to enable an innovative application ecosystem; and how a building operating system and services can provide a foundation for advanced control techniques that operate in concert with external factors, such as energy availability and weather, and for personalized environmental conditioning. To be quaint, "there's a building app for that."
Bio: David Culler is a Professor and Chair of Computer Science, Chair of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, and Faculty Director of i4energy at the University of California, Berkeley. Professor Culler received his B.A. from U.C. Berkeley in 1980, and M.S. and Ph.D. from MIT in 1985 and 1989. He has been on the faculty at Berkeley since 1989, where he holds the Howard Friesen Chair. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering, an ACM Fellow, an IEEE Fellow and was selected for ACMs Sigmod Outstanding Achievement Award, Scientific American's 'Top 50 Researchers', and Technology Review's '10 Technologies that Will Change the World'. He received the NSF Presidential Young Investigators award in 1990 and the NSF Presidential Faculty Fellowship in 1992. He was the Principal Investigator of the DARPA Network Embedded Systems Technology project that created the open platform for wireless sensor networks based on TinyOS, and was co-founder and CTO of Arch Rock Corporation and the founding Director of Intel Research, Berkeley. He has done seminal work on networks of small, embedded wireless devices, planetary-scale internet services, parallel computer architecture, parallel programming languages, and high performance communication, and including TinyOS, PlanetLab, Networks of Workstations (NOW), and Active Messages. He has served on Technical Advisory Boards for several companies, including People Power, Inktomi, ExpertCity (now CITRIX on-line), and DoCoMo USA. He is currently focused on utilizing information technology to address the energy problem and is co-PI on the NSF CyberPhysical Systems projects LoCal and ActionWebs and PI on Software Defined Buildings.